India has achieved replacement level fertility
Recently the Union Minister of State for Health and Family Welfare has said that India has achieved Replacement Level Fertility (RLF).
Recently, the Union Minister addressed the National Family Planning Summit 2022. He said that India has achieved replacement level fertility.
Also, 31 states/union territories of the country have a total fertility rate of 2.1 or less.
Replacement level fertility (RLF) is the level of fertility at which a population replaces itself in the same proportion from one generation to the next.
According to the World Population Prospects 2022, India will overtake China to become the most populous country in the world in 2023.
During the programme, the Union Minister also released the India Family Planning-2030 Vision Document.
It mentions the following topics:
- Between the National Family Health Survey-4 (NFHS-4) to NFHS-5, there has been a slight decline in pregnancies by adolescent girls. This rate was 9% in the year 2015-16, which was reduced to 6.8% in the year 2019-21.
- Migration and lack of access to contraceptives: This is mostly due to lack of contraceptive preparations before the arrival of the migrant husband, lack of access to health facilities, etc.
- There is less participation of men in awareness programmes.
- The private sector should be involved in providing modern contraceptives.
Measures taken by India for population control –
- In 1952, India became the first country in the world to launch a national program for family planning.
- The National Population Commission was constituted in the year
- India is a member of Family Planning (FP) This has now been changed to FP 2030. It is a global initiative for family planning.
Source – The Hindu