Human Development Index (HDI) 2021-2022
Recently Human Development Index (HDI) has been released by United Nations Development Program (UNDP)
India has been ranked 132 out of 191 countries in the Human Development Index Index.
The Human Development Index is part of the Human Development Report 2021-2022. It is issued annually by UNDP.
The HDI measures a country’s average achievement in three basic aspects of human development, which includes indicators of life expectancy, access to education or knowledge, and income or standard of living.
Key findings of report –
- For the first time in the last 32 years, the pace of human development has been interrupted globally.
- The HDI value of almost 90% of the countries has registered a decline. The main reasons for this decline are: COVID-19, the war in Ukraine and environmental challenges.
- Global life expectancy fell from 72.8 years in 2019 to 71.4 years in 2021.
Findings related to India-
- India was ranked 131st out of 189 countries and territories in the year 2020. It is ranked 132 out of 191 countries in the year 2021.
- Neighbors ranked better than India are: Sri Lanka (73rd), China (79th), Bhutan (127th) and
- Bangladesh (129th). , The average years of schooling for women decreased from 12.6 to 11.9 years over the same period.
- 8% of the population suffers from severe multidimensional poverty.
The index recommends implementing policies focused on the following 3 points:
- Investment: Investing in renewable energy and pandemic preparedness.
- Insurance: Insurance including social security to prepare our societies to face the ups and downs of an uncertain world.
- Innovation: Innovation in technical, economic and cultural fields for capacity building to face any future challenges.
Source- The Hindu