Heritage for Sustainability – United Nations (UN) Habitat
Recently Heritage for Sustainability – United Nations (UN) Habitat has planned for Pink City Jaipur.
UN Habitat’s findings are based on the Sustainable Cities Integrated Approach pilot project.
The conclusion outlines issues related to the city’s urban development to propose strategic measures and promote sustainable development.
The project has received funding from the Global Environment Facility (GEF).
The GEF is the largest multilateral fund. It was established in the year 1992 at the Earth Summit. The World Bank is the trustee of this fund. This fund enables developing countries to invest in schemes related to nature.
Jaipur has received an overall sustainability rating of three on the Urban Sustainability Assessment Framework (USAF). MUSAF has been developed by UN-Habitat.
It is a decision-making tool for sustainable and flexible urban planning. It gives priority to climate adaptation and mitigation at all stages.
United Nations Human Settlement Programme (UN-Habitat)
- It is an agency of the United Nations Organization for Human Settlements.
- The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) has entrusted it (in the year 1978) with the task of promoting socially and environmentally sustainable cities and towns to provide adequate settlement for all.
Key documents outlining the functions of UN-Habitat:
- Vancouver Declaration on Human Settlement (Habitat-i),
- Istanbul Declaration on Human Settlement (Habitat-2 and Habitat Agenda),
- Declaration and Resolution 56/206 on Cities and Other Human Settlements in the New Millennium
Key proposals of UN Habitat for Jaipur-
- Integration of fares for different modes of transport: This will facilitate movement. At the same time, the traffic burden will be reduced and vehicle emissions will also come down.
- 800 dry wells in the city can be used for rainwater harvesting. This will increase the groundwater level and reduce the incidence of urban floods.
- Eco-trails should be created to increase green cover and promote biodiversity.
Source – The Hindu