Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS)

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Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS)

Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS)

Recently, the National Fact Sheet of Global Youth Tobacco Survey: GYTS-4 India, 2019 has been released.

  • The survey was conducted by the International Institute for Population Sciences (IPS) under the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW). Please note that this is the fourth edition of this survey.
  • The objective of the survey was to provide information on tobacco use, cessation of tobacco, effects of smoking by others, access and availability, access to information on ill effects of tobacco, awareness and receptivity, knowledge and attitudes towards marketing of tobacco.

Key findings:

  • In the last decade, there has been a decline of 42 per cent in tobacco use by school going children in the age group of 13-15 years.
  • The tendency to use any type of tobacco is seen more in boys than in girls.
  • Tobacco use among school going children (13-15 years) is highest in Arunachal Pradesh and Mizoram and lowest in Himachal Pradesh and Karnataka.
  • Smoking by others affected 29.5 percent of the students.
  • 38 percent of cigarette smokers, 47 percent of bidi smokers and 52 percent of non-smoker children started using tobacco before they attained the age of 10 years.

Determinants of Tobacco Consumption in India

  • Price and availability.
  • Being attracted by innovative products and marketing strategies.
  • Lack of awareness about the effects of tobacco use.
  • Socio-economic factors.

Global Youth Tobacco Survey: GYTS

  • GYTS has been developed by the World Health Organization (WHO) through its Tobacco Free Initiative (TFI) and by the Office on Smoking and Health (OSH) located at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in the United States. It is noteworthy that the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) is also a partner in its development.
  • It is a standard tool for assessing the prevalence of smoking and smokeless tobacco among children in the age group of 13-15 years studying from class 8 to class 10.
  • In the past three surveys of GYTS in India (Year 2003, Year 2006 and Year 2009) have been conducted.

Source – Indian Express

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