‘Global Trends: Forced Displacement in 2021’: Annual Report by UNHCR
Recently the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has released the annual report ‘Global Trends: Forced Displacement in 2021’.
The report outlines the following key statistical trends and their most recent numbers:
- asylum seekers,
- internally displaced people,
- Stateless people around the world,
- and those who have returned to their country of origin or region of origin.
Key finding of report-
- By the end of 2021, the number of people displaced by war, violence, persecution and human rights abuses stood at 89.3 million. This number is up 8% from a year ago.
- In the year 2021, about 5 million people were internally displaced in India due to climate change and disasters.
- People displaced within their own country are called internally displaced.
- The largest displacement due to disasters in the year 2021 was in China (6 million people).
- The United States received the most applications for personal asylum in the world. Germany was in second place.
- 69% of all refugees came from only five countries. These countries are the following:
- Syrian Arab Republic: 6.8 million, Venezuela: 4.6 million, Afghanistan: 2.7 million, South Sudan: 2.4 million, and Myanmar: 1.2 million.
- Children make up 30% of the world’s population, but they account for 41% of all forcibly displaced people.
- 57 lakh displaced people returned to their regions or countries of origin in the year 2021. These include 5.3 million internally displaced people and 429,300 refugees.
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
- One is a global organization. It is dedicated to saving lives, protecting their rights and building a better future for refugees, forcibly displaced communities and stateless people.
- It was formed in the year 1950 in the aftermath of World War II.
Source – The Hindu