Global Report on Food Crises (GRFC 2021)
Recently, the sixth annual edition of the Global Report on Food Crises: GRFC 2022 has been released by the ‘Global Network Against Food Crisis’ (GNAFC).
Based on this report, the United Nations (UN) has said that in the year 2021, 40 million more people had to face severe starvation.
The GNAFC was established by the European Union, the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the World Food Program (WFP) at the 2016 World Humanitarian Summit.
This organization has been established with the following objectives:
- Prevention of food crises,
- Preparedness for food crises,
- Taking reactive measures to deal with food crises, and
- Supporting the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG-2) to end hunger.
Key findings of the report –
- In the year 2021, about 193 million people in 53 countries/territories were facing acute food insecurity. This number is 4 crore more than the previous year.
- According to the United Nations, “Acute food insecurity” is a situation when a person’s inability to consume enough food puts his or her life or livelihood in immediate danger. Starvation is a state of affairs that can lead to famine and mass deaths.
There are three main causes of food insecurity:
- Climate change and
- Economic challenges
The report also predicts serious food insecurity in the year 2022. The reason for this is the ongoing war in Ukraine. This is having an impact on global food, energy and fertilizer prices and supplies.
- To overcome barriers to access to food, there is a need to give more priority to small-holding agriculture as a frontline humanitarian aid.
- There is a need to achieve food security and better nutrition using 3×3
Source – The Hindu