Global Ocean Observing System (GOOS) Report Card 2022

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Global Ocean Observing System (GOOS) Report Card, 2022

Recently the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) has released the Global Ocean Observing System (GOOS) Report Card, 2022.

This report is released every year since 2017. It is issued in partnership with UNESCO’s Intergovernmental Commission on Ocean Sciences (IOC-UNESCO), and other partners of GOOS.

GOOS is a permanent global system for the observation, modeling and analysis of ocean and ocean data.

This report has for the first time shed light on biological observations and identified the inherent flaws in the system.

The report highlights the disparity in operational services in oceans such as the Indian, Atlantic and Southern Oceans.

Key findings of report-

  • Oceans absorb 26% of the 40 gigatonnes of carbon emitted into the atmosphere annually.
  • 48% remains in the atmosphere, while the remaining carbon is absorbed into the terrestrial biosphere.
  • Only 5% of platforms placed in the ocean are equipped with biogeochemical sensors. These also include carbon dioxide sensors.
  • The Argo Profiling Float Array is providing 15% less data than before the COVID pandemic.

Key Recommendations

  • Investment is needed to strengthen the data gathering capability.
  • Access to FAIR data must be ensured. FAIR stands for: Findability, Accessibility, Interoperability, and Reusability.
  • Early-warning systems are essential for communities and coastal areas facing the threat of rising sea levels.
  • There is a need to improve the forecast of ecosystem services provided by phytoplankton.

Source- The Hindu

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