Global Methane Assessment Report 2030

Global Methane Assessment Report 2030

Recently the Global Methane Assessment 2030 Baseline Report has been released.

This report has been released by the Climate and Clean Air Coalition and the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP).

Key Findings of the Report

  • The amount of methane in the atmosphere is 260% higher than pre-industrial levels.
  • In the year 2021, the highest annual growth was recorded so far.
  • Human-caused methane emissions are responsible for about 45% of the current net warming.
  • At present, 350-390 million tonnes of methane are being emitted annually.
  • Agriculture, fossil fuel energy and waste account for the largest share of methane emissions.
  • Methane emissions could be reduced by up to 45% by 2030 with the currently targeted emission reduction measures.

Methane

  • Methane (CH4) is the primary component of natural gas. It is responsible for more than 25 percent of the total global warming.
  • Methane is a potent greenhouse gas. If it remains in the atmosphere for 20 years, its global warming potential becomes 80 times greater than that of carbon dioxide (CO2).
  • Methane contributes to about 50% of the increase in tropospheric ozone formation. India is among the top 5 methane emitters in the world.
  • The Global Methane Resolution aims to reduce global warming by at least 0.2 °C between 2040 and 2070 to reduce emissions. India is not a member of the global methane resolution.

Source – The Hindu

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