Global Hunger Index Report – 2021
Recently, the ‘Global Hunger Index – 2021’ has been jointly released by the Irish aid agency ‘Concern Worldwide’ and the German organization ‘Welthungerhilfe’.
India has been ranked 101st in the Global Hunger Index: GHI for the year 2021. This index was released on October 14, 2021.
- It is noteworthy that in the year 2020, India was ranked 94th but in this index, India has been placed at 101st position out of 116 countries.
- India has been placed behind its neighbors Pakistan, Bangladesh and Nepal in the 2021 edition.
- India’s GHI score has also come down. It was 38.8 in 2000 but has now come down to 28.8-27.5 between 2012 and 2021.
- The share of wasting among children has increased from 17.1% during 1998-2002 to 17.3% during 2016-2020.
In this index, 18 countries like China, Brazil and Kuwait shared the top position. They have got a GHI score of less than 5.
How is the GHI Score Calculated?
The GHI score is calculated on the basis of four indicators-
- Child wasting: Children under the age of five who are underweight for their height.
- Child stunting: Children under the age of five whose height is short for their age.
- Child Mortality Rate: Mortality rate of children under five years of age.
Improvement in India:
India has improved with respect to indicators such as the under-5 mortality rate, the prevalence of under-nutrition and the prevalence of stunting among children.
Global Hunger Index (GHI)
The GHI is a tool to measure and track hunger worldwide, by region as well as by country. It is calculated annually and its results are published every year in a report released in the month of October.
Source – The Hindu