Global Climate Summit 2021
- Recently, the global climate summit of 2021 has been organized in the US.
- The conference is hosted by the President of the United States. The conference is attended by leaders from 40 countries of the world.
- The Global Climate Summit was organized in a virtual manner, lasting 2 days (22–23 April, 2021).
- Prime Minister Narendra Modi has participated in this conference on behalf of India. During this conference, on April 22, India and the US launched the “US-India Climate and Clean Energy Agenda 2030 Partnership”.
- Under this agreement, the two countries will increase the Strategic Clean Energy Partnership and will also work to raise finance for climate action.
- Under this, India has set a target of generating 450 GW of electricity by 2030 from renewable energy sources. This goal reflects India’s commitment to climate change.
What is climate change?
- Climate is the average of long-term meteorological conditions of a place including humidity, atmospheric pressure and temperature etc. When this climate changes due to human and natural reasons, then it is called climate change.
- At present, humans are responsible for climate change. Due to global warming gases, the average temperature of the earth is increasing significantly. Because of which the threat of climate change is becoming more serious.
- Climate change leads to increase in temperature, irregularity of rainfall, destructive events like droughts and storms.
Global organizations to solve climate change problem
- The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is a major body of the United Nations for the scientific assessment of climate change.
- An international agreement called ‘United Nations Climate Change Framework Conference (UNFCCC)’ has been reached during the June 1992 Earth Summit between various countries aimed at controlling the emission of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.
- The Paris Agreement was signed in the year 2015 with the aim of reducing greenhouse gas emissions. The agreement is considered a historic step to curb greenhouse gas emissions.
Government of India initiative
- The Government of India has also launched the National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC) in the year 2008, incorporating 8
- Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC): India has to achieve the stated target of Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) by
- The International Solar Alliance (ISA) was launched on 30 November 2015 in Paris with the aim of promoting solar energy.
Source – PIB