Georgia’s RICO Law
Recently the former President of the United States of America Donald Trump has been charged under the “Georgia RICO” (Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations- RICO) Act.
Georgia’s RICO Act is an anti-mafia law similar to India’s MCOCA.
Trump charged under RICO
Trump has been charged with 40 crimes, including forgery, making false statements and conspiracy. A conviction for racketeering in Georgia carries a sentence of 20 years in prison.
RICO Law –
- The Georgia RICO Act is an anti-racketeering law based on the US federal RICO Act of 1970.
- Both federal and state laws were created to target organized crime, the mafia, and criminal syndicates.
- Now this law has extended beyond the mafia. From embezzlement to corruption, it has started being used in many illegal activities.
Maharashtra Control of Organized Crime Act (MCOCA)
- Its full name is Maharashtra Control of Organized Crime Act, 1999.
- MCOCA accused do not get bail easily. Imposing MCOCA on a criminal is also not easy.
- To impose MCOCA on a criminal, approval has to be obtained from an ACP (Assistant Commissioner of Police) or an officer of the same rank.
- MCOCA will be invoked only if the person has been involved in at least 2 organized crimes in the last 10 years and at least 2 people are involved in that crime. The trial of this case goes on in a special court called MCOCA.
MACOCA Act के उद्देश्य:
Objectives of the MACOCA Act:
- Its purpose was to eliminate organized crime.
- Organized crime – activities such as underworld related crimes, forgery, extortion, attempted murder, money laundering, etc.
Source – Indian Express