Georgia’s RICO Law

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Georgia’s RICO Law

Recently the former President of the United States of America Donald Trump has been charged under the “Georgia RICO” (Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations- RICO) Act.

Georgia’s RICO Act is an anti-mafia law similar to India’s MCOCA.

Trump charged under RICO

Trump has been charged with 40 crimes, including forgery, making false statements and conspiracy. A conviction for racketeering in Georgia carries a sentence of 20 years in prison.

RICO Law –

  • The Georgia RICO Act is an anti-racketeering law based on the US federal RICO Act of 1970.
  • Both federal and state laws were created to target organized crime, the mafia, and criminal syndicates.
  • Now this law has extended beyond the mafia. From embezzlement to corruption, it has started being used in many illegal activities.

Maharashtra Control of Organized Crime Act (MCOCA)

  • Its full name is Maharashtra Control of Organized Crime Act, 1999.
  • MCOCA accused do not get bail easily. Imposing MCOCA on a criminal is also not easy.
  • To impose MCOCA on a criminal, approval has to be obtained from an ACP (Assistant Commissioner of Police) or an officer of the same rank.
  • MCOCA will be invoked only if the person has been involved in at least 2 organized crimes in the last 10 years and at least 2 people are involved in that crime. The trial of this case goes on in a special court called MCOCA.

MACOCA Act के उद्देश्य:

Objectives of the MACOCA Act:

  • Its purpose was to eliminate organized crime.
  • Organized crime – activities such as underworld related crimes, forgery, extortion, attempted murder, money laundering, etc.

Source – Indian Express   

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