‘Forum for Decarbonizing Transport’ in India

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‘Forum for Decarbonizing Transport’ in India

‘Forum for Decarbonizing Transport’ in India

Recently, NITI Aayog and World Resource Institute (WRI) India jointly launched ‘Forum for Decarbonizing Transport’ in India.

  • It is a part of the Nationally Determined Contribution-Transport Initiative for Asia: NDC-TIA project.
  • NDC-TIA is a joint program of ‘7 organizations’. It will include China, India and Vietnam with the aim of facilitating an ideal transition towards zero-emissions transport across Asia.
  • The project is part of the International Climate Initiative (IKI). NITI Aayog is its implementation partner for India.
  • It is to be known that the transport sector is the third largest CO2 emitting sector in India.

Major measures taken towards decarbonization:

  • The emphasis is on adopting Transformative Electric Vehicles (EVS) through the National Mission on Transformative Mobility and Battery Storage.
  • Production-linked Incentive (PLI) scheme has been introduced for the automobile and auto-component industry for manufacturing and development of advanced cell chemicals, battery storage.
  • The Rapid Adoption and Manufacturing of Electric (and Hybrid) Vehicles Scheme (FAME) India scheme has been implemented.
  • A target of 20% ethanol blending in petrol has been set by the year 2025.

Key challenges related to lithium-ion batteries powering EVs:

  • Risk of overheating and damage at high voltage.
  • The capacity of such batteries tends to deplete over time.
  • It takes longer to charge them.
  • Import dependence for lithium, which is limited to the lithium-triangle (Chile, Bolivia and Argentina).

Source – The Hindu

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