Forum for Decarbonizing Transport in India

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Forum for Decarbonizing Transport in India

Recently, NITI Aayog and World Resource Institute (WRI) India jointly launched ‘Forum for Decarbonizing Transport’ in India.

  • It is a part of the Nationally Determined Contribution-Transport Initiative for Asia: NDC-TIA project.
  • NDC-TIA is a joint program of ‘7 organizations’. It will include China, India and Vietnam with the aim of facilitating an ideal transition towards zero-emissions transport across Asia.
  • The project is part of the International Climate Initiative (IKI). NITI Aayog is its implementation partner for India.
  • It is to be known that the transport sector is the third largest CO2 emitting sector in India.

फोरम फॉर डीकार्बोनाइजिंग ट्रांसपोर्ट का शुभारंभ (Forum for Decarbonizing Transport) in India

Major measures taken towards decarbonization:

  • The emphasis is on adopting Transformative Electric Vehicles (EVS) through the National Mission on Transformative Mobility and Battery Storage.
  • Production-linked Incentive (PLI) scheme has been introduced for the automobile and auto-component industry for manufacturing and development of advanced cell chemicals, battery storage.
  • The Rapid Adoption and Manufacturing of Electric (and Hybrid) Vehicles Scheme (FAME) India scheme has been implemented.
  • A target of 20% ethanol blending in petrol has been set by the year 2025.

Key challenges related to lithium-ion batteries powering EVs:

  • Risk of overheating and damage at high voltage.
  • The capacity of such batteries tends to deplete over time.
  • It takes longer to charge them.
  • Import dependence for lithium, which is limited to the lithium-triangle (Chile, Bolivia and Argentina).

Source – The Hindu

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