Formulation of National Litigation Policy (NLP)

Formulation of National Litigation Policy (NLP)

Recently, the National Litigation Policy (NLP) is being formulated.

It is well known that an National Litigation Policy (NLP) has been under consideration for a long time to lay down guidelines to prevent, control and reduce litigation.

Earlier in the year 2010 a NLP was submitted by the then Law Minister with the objective that the Government should not indulge in fruitless litigation, especially where there is no high/large claim against the Government.


  • The objective of this policy is to convert the government into an efficient and responsible litigant.
  • It is well known that the governments in the states and at the center are involved as litigants in 46% of the total 3.14 crore cases in the district courts to the Supreme Court.
  • This policy will save valuable time of the Court by enabling it to reduce the average period of pendency of a case in the Court from 15 years to 3 years.

Steps taken to reduce litigation:

  • Legal Information Management and Briefing System (LIMBS): A web-platform designed for the purpose of monitoring litigation related to the Union of India.
  • Administrative Mechanism for Resolution of Disputes (AMRD): For resolution of inter-ministerial/departmental disputes.
  • The Commercial Courts Act, 2015 was amended in the year 2018-19 to provide for the Pre-Institution Arbitration and Settlement (PIMS) Mechanism.
  • Administrative Mechanism (AMRCD) for resolution of Central Public Sector Enterprises (CPSEs) disputes.

Source – The Hindu

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