Femicide, causes and recent trends
According to a recent United Nations report, the increase in disasters has led to an increase in the willful killings of women.
The United Nations has released the ‘Global Assessment Report on Disaster Risk Reduction, 2022 (GAR-DRR 2022)’.
It is titled- “Our World at Risk: Transforming Governance for a Resilient Future”.
The report is based on an analysis of Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) data mandated by the United Nations on the rise in gender-based violence in disasters.
The following are the social impacts of the disaster highlighted in the report:
- There has been an increase in displacement and migration related cases due to floods and cyclones in West Bengal and Odisha. These increasing cases have also increased the risk of people smuggling.
- The issue of systemic gender-based violence as a “shadow pandemic” has also come to light in the wake of surveillance during the COVID-19
- Violence against women and girls increases after disasters and in extreme cases of disasters.
- Disaster risk reduction aims to reduce the damage caused by natural calamities such as earthquakes, floods, droughts and cyclones through preventive policies.
The different phases of the disaster management cycle are as follows:
Major initiatives taken by India to reduce the ill effects of disasters-
- The National Disaster Management Authority of India (NDMA) has been constituted.
- World Bank aided Tamil Nadu and Puducherry Coastal Disaster Risk Reduction Project (CDRRP) is being implemented.
- India has signed the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction.
- According to the United Nations Office on Disaster Risk Reduction (UNDRR), a disaster refers to a serious hindrance to the functioning of a community or society as a result of exposure to hazardous events with conditions of risk, vulnerability and capability. It causes human, physical, economic and environmental harm and impact.
Source – The Hindu