Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)

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Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)

It should be noted that in Africa, Mali is going through a state of political crisis, so recently the Economic Community of West African States- (ECOWAS) has been trying to resolve the crisis of the West African country of Mali.

‘Mali’ crisis

  • Mali became an independent country from France in the year 1960, but since then, there has been 5 times coup in Mali. There has been a peaceful transfer of power from a democratically elected President to another President only once.
  • A few months ago in Mali, there were massive antigovernmental demonstrations that resulted in the ouster of President Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta.
  • Recently a new cabinet was also announced in Mali that did not include two prominent military leaders. After this, the army has taken the President and the Prime Minister into custody.


  • It is a regional political and economic union of 15 countries located in West Africa, which was established in the year 1975 with the signing of the Treaty of Lagos.
  • The main goal of this organization is to create a complete economic and trade union and to form a wide business group and to achieve “collective self-sufficiency” for its member countries.
  • ECOWAS also acts as a peacekeeping force in the region. The African Economic Community (AEC) covers the entire continent. ECOWAS is considered one of the regional groups of the ‘African Economic Group’.
  • ECOWAS consists of two sub-regional blocs, the first being the ‘West African Economic and Monetary Union’, which is primarily an organization of 8 French-speaking countries, and the second ‘established in the year 2000’, The West African Monetary Zone (WAMZ) is comprised of six predominantly English-speaking countries.

Source – The Hindu

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