Recently India and Israel signed an agreement to accelerate innovation and dual use technologies.
The two countries have entered into a bilateral innovation agreement for the development of dual-use technologies. The objective of this agreement is to promote innovation, and accelerate research and development in startups and Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) of both the countries.
- This includes joint development of next-generation technologies and products in areas such as drones, robotics, artificial intelligence, quantum technology, biosensing, brain-machine interfaces, energy storage, etc.
- Dual use technologies are advanced technologies originating from the civilian or defense industries with military and commercial end uses.
- This includes materials (nuclear fuels and chemicals), software and technology (such as lasers and sensors, navigation and avionics, propulsion systems, etc.).
The export, transit, etc. of dual use items are regulated to maintain international peace and security and to prevent the spread of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) through the following various mechanisms such as:
- United Nations Security Council resolution 1540,
- Multilateral export control regimes like Australia Group, Wassenaar Agreement, Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) and Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) etc.
India is part of the other three multilateral export control regimes except the NSG.
Source – The Hindu