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Drought in Numbers, 2022 Report: UNCCD

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Drought in Numbers, 2022 Report: UNCCD

Recently, the report ‘Drought in Numbers 2022’ has been released at the 15th Conference of the Parties (COP-15) to the United Nations Convention on Prevention of Desertification (UNCCD).

In this report, drought and its effects on life and livelihood have been analyzed in 196 countries of the world. Also, a ‘Global Drought Vulnerability Index’ has also been released as part of this assessment.

Key findings of the report-

  • Since the year 2000, the number and duration of droughts has increased by 29%.
  • Weather, climate and water related hazards 50% of disasters and
  • Disasters have been responsible for 45% of deaths.
  • Drought accounts for only 15% of natural disasters. But, during the year 1970 to 2019, maximum people died due to this.
  • From 1998 to 2017, the world has suffered an economic loss of about US$ 124 billion due to drought.
  • In the year 2022, more than 2.3 billion people are facing water related crisis.

Findings for India-

  • About two-thirds of the country has been affected by drought during the year 2020-2022.
  • Geographically, India’s drought vulnerability has been compared to the drought vulnerability of Sub-Saharan Africa.
  • India’s GDP has decreased by 2 to 5 percent during the years 1998 to 2017 due to severe drought.
  • More than 68% of India’s area is vulnerable to drought. Additionally, a NITI Aayog report states that about two lakh people die annually in India due to inadequate water and inadequate sanitation.

Measures taken to reduce drought in India-

  • Integrated Watershed Management Program (IWMP) has been initiated for the development of rainfed/depleted areas and barren lands.
  • To deal with disasters like floods and droughts under the National Water Policy 2012. The emphasis is on preparedness.
  • The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) has released the desertification and land degradation atlas of India.
  • The objective of Jal Jeevan Mission is to ensure availability of drinking water in adequate quantity and of prescribed quality.

Source – The Hindu

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