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Democratic Republic of Congo declared Ebola free

Democratic Republic of Congo declared Ebola free

  • Recently the Congo declares the end of the 12th Ebola outbreak in the country.
  • Since the outbreak was declared on February 7, 2021, there have been a total of 12 cases in the province, including six deaths.
  • The epidemic has been brought under control in less than three months thanks to Congo’s response team and health aides.

Ebola outbreak

  • Ebola started in the year The current Ebola outbreak is genetically related to the Ebola epidemic of June 2019. At that time the World Health Organization declared it as a global health emergency in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
  • It may be noted that a global health emergency is declared when an outbreak of the disease can pose a threat to other countries as well. This may require the consent of all countries involved. Currently, Guinea is also fighting against the Ebola epidemic.

About ‘Ebola’:

  • Ebola virus disease is a deadly disease that spreads in humans. It was previously known as Ebola hemorrhagic fever.
  • The Ebola virus was discovered in In 2014–16, the Ebola outbreak was the highest in West Africa.
  • The origins of this Ebola virus are believed to be from bats. First it’s spread from wild animals to people, and then its transmission from human to human has spread.
  • In the year 2019, WHO declared Ebola as one of the top ten threats to global health. The death rate in cases of Ebolavirus disease is about 50%.

Prevention:

  • Community participation is very important to successfully control the outbreak of this disease. Good control of the outbreak depends on the management, monitoring and identification of infected cases, appropriate laboratory services and social awareness.

Diagnosis:

  • Methods used to diagnose Ebola are ELISA, serum neutralization test, electron microscopy, virus isolation by cell culture, reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), antigen capture detection test.

Ebola vaccine

  • rVSV-ZEBOV was an Ebola vaccine that was used in Guinea in 2015, and was also used during the 2018–19 Ebola outbreak in Congo.

Source – The Hindu

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