Demand for reform in the United Nations Security Council (UNSC)

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Demand for reform in the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) 

  • Recently India has chaired the open discussion meeting of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC). During this, India has called for an accountable and transparent ‘United Nations Security Council’.
  • In the meeting, India has emphasized the need for ‘New Orientation for Reforms Multilateral Systems’ (NORMS).
  • It will determine the global order that best reflects contemporary realities.

Demand for reform in the United Nations Security Council

The demand for reforms in the UNSC has gained momentum due to the following reasons:

  • Need to promote greater cooperation and representation: The representative and policy-making powers in the organization’s structure are tilted in favor of the developed countries. Because of this their suggestions are considered discriminatory and biased.
  • Inefficiency of existing institutions: The Ukraine crisis has raised concerns about food, fertilizer and fuel security. These concerns reveal the need for a widely representative global governance structure.
  • Effective action against terrorism: The rapidly changing global security landscape, persistence of traditional security challenges and emergence of new and complex challenges have necessitated effective action. There is a need for a responsible post-Covid global order to address the current situation of climate change, problems related to the Covid pandemic, conflicts etc.

Measures that can be taken to reform multilateral systems

  • The United Nations needs to be made more democratic, so that it reflects equal representation and rights of all members.
  • Direct and indirect exposure to the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) should be phased out.
  • The governing structure of the World Bank and the IMF should be reformed to increase the representation of developing countries.
  • Improvements should be made to internal administrative systems and external monitoring to enhance transparency and accountability.

United Nations Security Council- UNSC

  • The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) was established by the United Nations Charter in the year
  • It is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations.

The UNSC consists of 15 members: 5 permanent members (P5) and 10 non-permanent members who are elected for a term of 2 years.

  • Its five permanent members are the United States, Russia, France, China and the United Kingdom.

Source – Economic Times

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