Deaths due to non-communicable diseases (NCDs)
Deaths from non-communicable disease non-communicable diseases (NCDs) were increasing even before the global pandemic.
According to the Sample Registration System (SRS) data for the years 2014-16 and 2016-17, NCDs (eg- heart or respiratory diseases, etc.) accounted for the highest number of deaths in the year 2015-17. Similar findings were also observed in the year 2014-16.
NCDs accounted for 52.8 per cent of the deaths due to various diseases in 2015-17.
These are also known as permanent diseases or diseases. These patients suffer from the disease for a long time. Also, their treatment also takes a lot of time. These diseases are mainly the result of a combination of genetic, psychological, environmental and behavioral factors.
The main types of NCDs-
- Cardiovascular disease, cancer, chronic respiratory disease and diabetes.
- Cardiovascular diseases (cardiovascular diseases), respiratory diseases (respiratory diseases) and diabetes (diabetes) account for about 4 million Indians every year (Year 2016).
Measures taken by India to control NCDs:
- An integrated ‘National Program for Prevention and Control of Cancer, Diabetes, Cardiovascular Disease and Stroke: NPCDCS’ has been launched to prevent NCDs.
- The ‘WHO Global NCD Action Plan 2013-2020’ has been launched for the prevention and control of NCDs. In the context of this plan, India is the first country to adopt a National Action Plan for NCDs with specific national targets and indicators.
- National Mental Health Program, National Tobacco Control Program etc.
- Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana is helping in reducing indoor air pollution.
Source- The Hindu