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Deaths due to non-communicable diseases (NCDs)

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Deaths due to non-communicable diseases (NCDs)

Deaths from non-communicable disease non-communicable diseases (NCDs) were increasing even before the global pandemic.

Deaths due to non-communicable diseases (NCDs)

According to the Sample Registration System (SRS) data for the years 2014-16 and 2016-17, NCDs (eg- heart or respiratory diseases, etc.) accounted for the highest number of deaths in the year 2015-17. Similar findings were also observed in the year 2014-16.

NCDs accounted for 52.8 per cent of the deaths due to various diseases in 2015-17.

These are also known as permanent diseases or diseases. These patients suffer from the disease for a long time. Also, their treatment also takes a lot of time. These diseases are mainly the result of a combination of genetic, psychological, environmental and behavioral factors.

The main types of NCDs-

  • Cardiovascular disease, cancer, chronic respiratory disease and diabetes.
  • Cardiovascular diseases (cardiovascular diseases), respiratory diseases (respiratory diseases) and diabetes (diabetes) account for about 4 million Indians every year (Year 2016).

Measures taken by India to control NCDs:

  • An integrated ‘National Program for Prevention and Control of Cancer, Diabetes, Cardiovascular Disease and Stroke: NPCDCS’ has been launched to prevent NCDs.
  • The ‘WHO Global NCD Action Plan 2013-2020’ has been launched for the prevention and control of NCDs. In the context of this plan, India is the first country to adopt a National Action Plan for NCDs with specific national targets and indicators.

Other Programs:

  • National Mental Health Program, National Tobacco Control Program etc.
  • Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana is helping in reducing indoor air pollution.

Source- The Hindu

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