Security Council – Counter Terrorism Committee (CTC)

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Security Council – Counter Terrorism Committee (CTC)

Recently, the special meeting of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) Counter-Terrorism Committee (CTC) was held in India. In this meeting the UNSC-CTC has adopted the “Delhi Declaration”.

This will be the first such meeting in India since the establishment of the UNSC-CTC in 2001. India’s Permanent Representative to the United Nations (Ruchira Kamboj) is serving as the Chairperson of the CTC for the year 2022.

Theme: Countering the Use of New and Emerging Technologies for Terrorist Purposes

UNSC-CTC

  • The CTC was established through United Nations Security Council (UNSC) resolution 1373 (year 2001).
  • It was established after the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001 in the United States. The committee includes all 15 members of the Security Council.
  • Five permanent members: China, France, the Russian Federation, the United Kingdom and the United States, and ten non-permanent members are elected by the General Assembly for two-year terms.
  • Mandate – It is entrusted with the task of monitoring the implementation of steps taken to enhance the legal and institutional counter-terrorism capabilities of countries at all levels, from local to international.

These steps include the following:

  • declaring the financing of terrorism as a crime,
  • Discouraging the trend of giving safe haven to terrorists,
  • Withholding of all financial aid to terrorist groups, etc.
  • The Anti-Terrorism Committee Executive Directorate (CTED) was established under resolution 1535 (2004). It provides assistance in the working of the CTC.

Source – The Hindu

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