National Statement by PM at COP26 Summit in Glasgow

Recently the National Statement has been issued by the Prime Minister at the COP26 Summit in Glasgow.

In the summit, the Prime Minister has presented the following five essences namely Panchamrit to tackle climate change:

  • India will increase its non-fossil energy capacity to 500 GW by 2030.
  • India will meet 50% of its energy needs through renewable energy resources by 2030.
  • India will reduce total carbon emissions by one billion tonnes from now onwards by 2030.
  • India has the lowest per capita carbon emissions as compared to the major economies of the world. It is to be noted that despite having 17% share in the global population, India emits only 5% of the total global carbon emissions. By 2030, India will reduce the carbon emission intensity of its economy by 45%.
  • The intensity of carbon emissions is measured as carbon dioxide emissions per unit of GDP. By the year 2070, India will achieve the target of net zero emissions.
  • Net zero emissions refers to an equilibrium with the emission of greenhouse gases through the neutralization of an equal amount of greenhouse gases from the atmosphere. These gases are increasing the temperature of the planet. This is the first time that India has expressed its commitment to net-zero emissions.

About the Conference of the Parties (COP) –

  • The COP is the apex decision-making body of the United Nations Climate Change Framework Convention (UNFCCC).
  • UNFCCC was formed in the year 1994 to stabilize greenhouse gas emissions and protect the earth from the threat of climate change.
  • COP26 will seek to finalize the rules for the 2015 Paris Agreement on Climate, which was to be completed by 2018.

Source – PIB

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