Continuation of Jallikattu

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Continuation of the sport of Jallikattu

  • Recently, the Constitution Bench of the Supreme Court has been hearing petitions challenging the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (Tamil Nadu Amendment) Act, 2017 and its rules.
  • This law allows the continuation of the sport of Jallikattu.
  • It is noteworthy that Jallikattu was banned by the Supreme Court in the year 2014.
  • Supporters of the sport claim that it is part of the cultural rights under Article 29(1) of the Constitution.
  • Jallikattu is organized on the occasion of Pongal festival. In this game, an attempt is made to tame the bulls.
  • In Jallikattu, bulls of the best indigenous breeds test the strength and finesse of the farmers. However, it is considered a violent sport.

Continuation of jallikattu

Status regarding Jallikattu

  • A dilemma regarding Jallikattu remains whether the tradition can be protected as a cultural right of the people of Tamil Nadu, which is a fundamental right.
  • It may be noted that according to Article 29(1), any section of the citizens of the territory of India or any part thereof having a distinct language, script or culture of its own shall have the right to conserve the same.
  • However, in this particular case Article 29(1) appears to be against the rights of animals.

Legal intervention on Jallikattu:

  • In 2011, bullocks were included in the list of animals whose training and exhibition are prohibited by the central government.
  • In the year 2014, a petition was filed in the Supreme Court citing the notification of 2011, on which the Supreme Court banned Jallikattu.

Current Legal Status on Jallikattu:

  • The state government has legalized these programs, which have been challenged in court.
  • In 2018, the Supreme Court referred the Jallikattu case to a constitution bench, where the matter is still pending.

Source – The Hindu

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