Recently 75 years of the historic first meeting of the Constituent Assembly (CA) have been completed.
The first meeting of the Constituent Assembly was held in New Delhi on 9 December 1946 in the Central Hall of the Parliament House.
The Constituent Assembly of India was created based on the recommendations of the Cabinet Mission Plan, 1946 (Frederick Pethick-Lawrence, Sir Stafford Cripps and AV Alexander were its members).
The Constituent Assembly was recognized by Section 8 of the Indian Independence Act, 1947.
The members were selected through indirect election by the members of the provincial legislative assemblies according to the scheme recommended by the Cabinet Mission.
- Through the provincial legislative assemblies, 292 members were elected.
- In this, 93 members represented the Indian princely states and 4 members represented the provinces with the Chief Commissionerate. (Total membership 389).
- However, as a result of partition under the Mountbatten Plan of June 3, 1947, a separate Constituent Assembly was established for Pakistan and representatives of some provinces ceased to be members of the Constituent Assembly. As a result, the membership of the Constituent Assembly was reduced to 299.
- The first meeting of the Sabha was presided over by Dr. Satchidanand Sinha. The Constituent Assembly took two years, eleven months and eighteen days to prepare the constitution for independent India.
Source – The Hindu