Two National Centers of Excellence set up for Carbon Capture and Utilization (CCU)
Recently two National Centers of Excellence (NCoE) have been dedicated for Carbon Capture and Utilization (CCU) in India.
The Department of Science and Technology has established these centers in the following institutions:
Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay and Jawaharlal Nehru Center for Advanced Scientific Research, Bangalore.
These centers will focus on the following:
- Understanding the role of carbon dioxide in global climate.
- Developing strategies for reducing carbon dioxide emissions from the industrial and energy sectors. Develop and demonstrate carbon capture and conversion by developing relevant materials and methodologies.
- To promote research on Carbon Capture and Utilization (CCU).
- Providing training and counseling
- To harness our research excellence in solutions that have global economic and social impact
- Carbon capture, utilization and sequestration is a process. Under this, carbon dioxide emitted from sources such as coal-fired power plants is captured.
- It is then reused or stored so that it does not enter the atmosphere.
- This process can absorb 85-95 percent of CO2 emissions into the atmosphere.
- Globally, power generation plants and industries are responsible for about 50 percent of total greenhouse gas emissions. CCU is one of the few major options for reducing carbon emissions. It can continue to drive sustainable development at an unprecedented pace.
- CCU is in line with 5 of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals. For example, climate action, clean energy; Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure; Partnership for sustainable consumption and production goals, etc.
Carbon capture and utilization (CCU)
- Capture/Acquisition: Collection of CO2 from fossil or biomass-fueled power stations, industrial installations, or directly from the air.
- Uses: Using stored CO2 as an input or raw material to manufacture products or services.
- Transportation: Transportation of compressed CO2 by vessel or pipeline from a collection point to a use or storage point.
- Storage: Permanently storing CO2 in underground geological formations onshore or offshore.
Source – The Hindu