Cabinet approves National Quantum Mission (NOM)

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Cabinet approves National Quantum Mission (NOM)

Recently the Union Cabinet has approved Rs 6,003 crore for the National Quantum Mission (NOM) for the period from 2023-24 to 2030-31.

  • The fund will be used to finance research and development in the field of quantum computing technology and its related applications.
  • With this, India has become the seventh country in the world to have a dedicated quantum mission. Other countries besides India are: United States of America, Austria, Finland, France, Canada and China.
  • NOM will be implemented by the Department of Science and Technology in partnership with other departments.

Objectives of NOM –

  • The mission will develop high-sensitivity magnetometers for nuclear systems and clocks. This will help in accurate timing, accurate communication and navigation.
  • The mission will aid in the design and synthesis of quantum materials such as superconductors and the fabrication of quantum devices.
  • This mission will strengthen the national priorities (like Digital India, Make in India, Skill India, Self-reliant India etc.).

Key Deliverables under NOM

  • The mission will develop intermediate-scale quantum computers with a capacity of 50-1000 physical qubits in 8 years. These computers will be developed on a variety of platforms such as superconducting and photonic technology.
  • A satellite-based secure quantum communication network will be set up between ground stations within a range of 2,000 km in the country.
  • Long distance secure quantum communication facility will be established with other countries.
  • Four thematic hubs will be set up in top academic and national R&D institutions in the areas of ‘Quantum Computing’, ‘Quantum Communications’, ‘Quantum Sensing and Metrology’ and ‘Quantum Materials and Devices’.
  • Quantum technology (QT) is an area of physics. It complies with the principles of Quantum Mechanics (QM).
  • QM describes the behavior of matter and energy at the atomic/subatomic level, where the classical laws of physics do not apply.

Benefits of NOM –

  • It will help in launching, nurturing and expanding scientific and industrial R&D.
  • QT based economic growth will accelerate.
  • A vibrant and innovative ecosystem will be created in the field of Quantum Technology (QT).
  • This will help in making India a leading country in the development of QT and its useful products.

Source – The Hindu

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