Cabinet approves National Quantum Mission (NOM)
Recently the Union Cabinet has approved Rs 6,003 crore for the National Quantum Mission (NOM) for the period from 2023-24 to 2030-31.
- The fund will be used to finance research and development in the field of quantum computing technology and its related applications.
- With this, India has become the seventh country in the world to have a dedicated quantum mission. Other countries besides India are: United States of America, Austria, Finland, France, Canada and China.
- NOM will be implemented by the Department of Science and Technology in partnership with other departments.
Objectives of NOM –
- The mission will develop high-sensitivity magnetometers for nuclear systems and clocks. This will help in accurate timing, accurate communication and navigation.
- The mission will aid in the design and synthesis of quantum materials such as superconductors and the fabrication of quantum devices.
- This mission will strengthen the national priorities (like Digital India, Make in India, Skill India, Self-reliant India etc.).
Key Deliverables under NOM
- The mission will develop intermediate-scale quantum computers with a capacity of 50-1000 physical qubits in 8 years. These computers will be developed on a variety of platforms such as superconducting and photonic technology.
- A satellite-based secure quantum communication network will be set up between ground stations within a range of 2,000 km in the country.
- Long distance secure quantum communication facility will be established with other countries.
- Four thematic hubs will be set up in top academic and national R&D institutions in the areas of ‘Quantum Computing’, ‘Quantum Communications’, ‘Quantum Sensing and Metrology’ and ‘Quantum Materials and Devices’.
- Quantum technology (QT) is an area of physics. It complies with the principles of Quantum Mechanics (QM).
- QM describes the behavior of matter and energy at the atomic/subatomic level, where the classical laws of physics do not apply.
Benefits of NOM –
- It will help in launching, nurturing and expanding scientific and industrial R&D.
- QT based economic growth will accelerate.
- A vibrant and innovative ecosystem will be created in the field of Quantum Technology (QT).
- This will help in making India a leading country in the development of QT and its useful products.
Source – The Hindu