Asiatic Wild Dog

Asiatic Wild Dog 

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In a recent study titled ‘Do dholes segregate themselves from their sympatrids? Habitat use and carnivore co‑existence in the tropical forest,’ researchers have unveiled fascinating insights into the coexistence dynamics between dhole or Asiatic wild dog (Cuon alpinus), and tigers within Assam’s Manas National Park.Asiatic Wild Dog

About:

Dhole (Cuon alpinus) is a wild carnivorous animal and is a member of the family Canidae and the class Mammalia.

Habitat:

  • Dholes, historically widespread across southern Russia to southeast Asia, are now mainly found in south and southeast Asia, with northern populations in China.
  • In India, they are clustered in the Western and Eastern Ghats, central India, and northeast India, with Karnataka, Maharashtra, and Madhya Pradesh playing a crucial role in their conservation, according to a 2020 study.

Conservation:

  • Wildlife Protection Act, 1972: Schedule 2.
  • International Union for Conservation of Nature’s Red List: Endangered.
  • The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES): Appendix II.
  • The creation of reserves under Project Tiger provided some protection for dhole populations sympatric with tigers.
  • In 2014, the Indian government sanctioned its first dhole conservation breeding center at the Indira Gandhi Zoological Park (IGZP) in Visakhapatnam.

Manas National Park

  • It is a national park, Project Tiger Reserve, an elephant reserve and a biosphere reserve in Assam, India. It borders the Royal Manas National Park in Bhutan.
  • It was declared a national park in 1990 and earned the badge of UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1988.
  • Manas National Park is home to a varied species of Fauna of the likes of the Indian One Horned Rhinoceros, Asiatic Elephants, Tigers, Clouded Leopards, Hoolock Gibbons, etc.

Distribution:

  • It has a large distribution range south and Central Asia and Russia.
  • In India, the species inhabits the southern part of the Indo-Gangetic plains, Eastern and Western Ghats and most parts of North-Eastern India.
  • It is also found in some parts of Ladakh and Kashmir.

Source – Indian Express

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