Asian Water bird (waterfowl) Census
A two-day Asian Aquatic Bird Census (Asian Water bird (waterfowl) Census: AWC) – 2020 has been launched in Andhra Pradesh. It was carried out under the aegis of Bombay Natural History Society (BNHS) experts.
Important facts about Asian Water bird (waterfowl) Census
- The Asian Water bird (Waterfowl) Census is an annual event where thousands of volunteers in Asia and Australia count waterfowl/Water birds in their country’s wetlands.
- Every year in January, thousands of volunteers from Asia and Australia travel to the wetlands in their country and during this time they count the water birds / waterfowls. This citizen science program is called the Asian Water Bird Census
- This program was started in the year 1987.
- The Asian water bird census is an integral part of the Global Water bird Monitoring Program and the International Water bird Census (IWC), coordinated by Wetlands International.
- The Asian water bird census is conducted in 143 countries. It is concerned with collecting information about the number of waterfowl at wetland sites.
- Wetlands International is a global not-for-profit organization dedicated to the conservation and restoration of wetlands.
- In India, the Asian water bird census is conducted annually, by the Bombay Natural History Society and Wetlands International.
What are waterfowl/water birds ?
According to Wetlands International, water birds are ecologically defined as species of birds dependent on wetlands. These birds are considered an important health indicator of the wetlands of an area.
- The calculation not only reveals the actual number of birds but also gives an idea of the actual state of the wetlands, i.e. the high number of waterfowl indicates that a sufficient amount of food, resting, roosting and foraging of the birds in the wetland area Spots exist.
- The information collected helps promote the determination and management of internationally important sites such as nationally protected areas, Ramsar sites, East Asian – Australian Flyway Network sites, important bird and biodiversity areas.
- It also helps to implement the Convention on Migratory Species and the Convention on Biological Diversity.
Source: The Hindu