Article 370 and Article 35A
Recently, the third anniversary of the abrogation of Article 370 and Article 35A has been organized. It is noteworthy that Article 370 and 35A were repealed on 5 August 2019. Jammu and Kashmir was given special status under Article 370.
- Under Article 35A, Jammu and Kashmir was empowered to define domicile rules.
- In August 2019, the President of India issued the Constitution (Applicable to Jammu and Kashmir) Order, There was a provision in this that the provisions of the Indian Constitution would apply to Jammu and Kashmir.
- This meant that all the provisions which formed the basis of a separate constitution for Jammu and Kashmir were repealed. With this the 35A ended automatically.
- Parliament had passed the Jammu and Kashmir Reorganization Act, It provided for the reorganization of Jammu and Kashmir into two Union Territories (UTs), Jammu and Kashmir (with assembly) and Ladakh (without assembly).
Initiatives taken for Jammu and Kashmir
- Ayushman Bharat Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (AB-PMJAY) – Social Initiative for Health and Telemedicine (SEHAT) Scheme: It has been launched to ensure universal health coverage and provide financial risk protection to all individuals and communities.
- Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana – National Rural Livelihood Mission: Under this, a special package of Rs 520 crore has been announced for the Union Territories of Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh.
- Roads are being built under the Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY) to connect remote areas of the Kashmir Valley.
Impact of Abrogation of Article 370-
- The Indian Constitution has been fully implemented in Jammu and Kashmir.
- Jammu and Kashmir no longer has a separate flag.
- Indian Penal Code has come into force in place of Ranbir Penal Code (separate penal code for Jammu and Kashmir)
- There has been a 600% decline in law and order related incidents in the last 3
Source – The Hindu