Adaptation Gap Report 2020 (UNEP)

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Adaptation Gap Report 2020 (United Nations Environment Program) UNEP

  • The Adaptation Gap Report 2020 was recently released by the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP).
  • It is to be known that according to current estimates, the current cost of adaptation to the effects of climate change for developing countries is about 70 billion dollars (5.1 lakh crores rupees).
  • According to the estimates of this report, the annual cost of adaptation to the effects of climate change for developing countries will almost quadruples by the year 2050.
  • This cost will be 140–300 billion dollars by 2030 and 280–500 billion dollars by 2050.

Adaptation Cost:

  • Adaptation costs include the costs of planning, preparing, facilitating and implementing adaptation measures.

Adaptation Finance:

  • It refers to the flow or financing of money to reduce the damage to developing countries due to climate change.

Adaptation Finance Interval:

  • It is the difference between Adaptation cost and Adaptation finance
  • In fact, adaptation costs are higher in developed countries, but they have to bear the burden of adaptation more in relation to the GDP of developing countries.

Global adaptation to climate change:

About three-quarters of the world’s countries have adopted at least one climate change adaptation tool and most developing countries are working towards adopting national adaptation plans.

India’s initiatives to fight climate change:

  • India’s adoption of Stage-VI (BS-VI) is known that earlier these criteria were to be adopted by the year 2024, but it has been adopted before time.
  • The National Clean Air Program (NCAP) was launched in January 2019.
  • It is a five-year action plan with a temporary target to reduce the concentrations of PM10 and PM2.5 by 20-30% by 2024, with the year 2017 being chosen as the base year.
  • The ambitious target of producing 20,000 MW of grid-connected solar energy by the year 2022 was set under the Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission.
  • The mission aims to increase the share of solar energy in India’s energy production.

United Nations Environment Program (UNEP):

  • The United Nations Environment Program, established on 05 June 1972, is a United Nations agency that coordinates environment related activities.
  • It assists developing countries in implementing environmentally appropriate policies and practices.
  • The problems that UNEP sees are the major ones – the atmosphere, marine and surface ecosystems, environmental administration and green economy.
  • UNEP also works for the implementation and funding of development projects related to the environment.

Source- The Hindu

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