Acharya Vinoba Bhave
Recently, the Prime Minister, while paying a heartfelt tribute to Acharya Vinoba Bhave on his birth anniversary, said, Mahatma Gandhi described him as someone who was absolutely against untouchability, unwavering in his commitment to India’s freedom and a firm believer in non-violence as well as constructive work. He was a thinker par excellence.
Introduction & notable works:
- Vinoba Bhave was born on September 11, 1895 in Gagod village of Colaba district of Maharashtra. His real name was Vinayak Narahari Bhave. His father’s name was Narahari Shambhu Rao and mother’s name was Rukmini Devi.
- Vinoba Bhave was one of India’s most celebrated social reformers and a widely respected disciple of Mahatma Gandhi. He was also the founder of Bhoodan Andolan (land-gift movement).
- During the freedom struggle, he participated in the programs of non-cooperation movement and especially called for the use of indigenous goods in place of imported foreign goods.
- In the year 1940, he was chosen by Gandhiji as the first individual Satyagrahi in India (one who stood for truth rather than collective action) against the British Raj.
- Vinoba Bhave worked tirelessly to eliminate social evils like inequality and poverty. During the 1950s, several programs were implemented under his Sarvodaya movement, one of which was the Bhoodan movement.
- Vinoba was greatly influenced by the Bhagavad Gita. He established the Brahma Vidya Mandir in 1959 with the aim of making women self-reliant and also took a tough stand on cow slaughter.
- He wrote many books in his life. Most of the books were on spirituality. He was well versed in several languages including Marathi, Telugu, Gujarati, Kannada, Hindi, Urdu, English and Sanskrit. He translated many scriptures written in the culture into the common language. Some of the books written by him include Swarajya Shastra, Gita Pravachan, Teesri Shakti.
Source – PIB