Acharya Kriplani

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Acharya Kriplani

Recently, Prime Minister paid tribute to Acharya Kriplani on his birth anniversary.

Introduction:

  • He was born on November 11, 1888 in Sindh (Hyderabad). His original name was Jivatram Bhagwandas Kripalani, but he was known as Acharya Kripalani. He was a freedom fighter, Indian politician and educationist.
  • From 1912 to 1927, he taught at various places before fully joining the freedom movement.
  • Around the year 1922, when he was teaching at the Gujarat Vidyapeeth established by Mahatma Gandhi, he received the surname ‘Acharya’.
  • Kripalani ji along with Vinoba Bhave was involved in environmental protection and rescue activities in the 1970s.
  • He was a part of the Non-Cooperation Movement (1920–22) and the Civil Disobedience Movement (started in 1930) and the Quit India Movement (1942).
  • He was the President of the Indian National Congress (INC) at the time of independence. He contributed to the Interim Government of India (1946–1947) and the Constituent Assembly of India.
  • He left the Congress after independence and became one of the founders of the Kisan Mazdoor Praja Party (KMPP).
  • He was elected to the Lok Sabha in 1952, 1957, 1963 and 1967 as a member of the Praja Socialist Party.
  • He introduced the motion of no confidence for the first time in the Lok Sabha in 1963, immediately after the Indo-China war (1962).
  • In 1963, Congress leader Sucheta Kriplani became the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh, the country’s first woman Chief Minister, while her husband Acharya Kriplani remained an opponent of Congress.
  • He was critical of Nehru’s policies and Indira Gandhi’s rule. He was arrested during the Emergency (1975).
  • His autobiography ‘My Times’ was published posthumously in 2004.
  • Kriplani was the author of several books, including Gandhi: His Life and Thought (1970).

Source – The Hindu

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