‘A future for all – the need for human-wildlife coexistence’, Report

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‘A future for all – the need for human-wildlife coexistence’, Report

‘A future for all – the need for human-wildlife coexistence’, Report

Recently, the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) and the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) published a report titled ‘A future for all – the need for human-wildlife coexistence’.

Key Point

  • According to a report by the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) and the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP), conflict between humans and animals is one of the main threats to the long-term survival of some of the world’s most iconic species.
  • More than 500 elephants were killed in India during 2014-2019, with human-elephant conflict responsible for most of the deaths.
  • This is because India is home to the world’s second largest human population, as well as large population of tigers, Asian elephants, one-horned rhinos, Asiatic lions, and other species.
  • According to the report, India will be most affected by the human-wildlife conflict.
  • Elephants of India are confined to only 3-4 percent of their native habitat. This prompts wildlife to seek food outside protected areas, leading to conflict with humans.
  • It is not possible to completely eliminate human-wildlife conflict, but conflicts can be reduced by adopting a well-planned and integrated approach to manage it.
  • The report cited the example of Assam’s Sonitpur district, where the destruction of forests forced elephants to migrate to crops. Both elephants and humans have died in this.
  • In response to this, WWF-India developed the ‘Sonitpur Model’ during the year 2003-2004. Under this, community members were trained to work with the state forest department to drive the elephants away from the fields safely.

Source – The Hindu

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