Recently, India has inaugurated the Golden Victory Festival to commemorate 50 years of India’s victory in the 1971 war.
- The event was organized at the India Gate Lawn in New Delhi to commemorate the valor and prowess of the Armed Forces and their contribution in the liberation of Bangladesh in the Indo-Pak War (1971).
- This war, which changed the history and geography of South Asia, was fought by India on the premise that injustice, wherever it occurs, is a threat to justice everywhere.
Result of the war:
- The war had ended on 16 December 1971 after the unconditional surrender of the Pakistani army. Over 93,000 Pakistani soldiers surrendered to the Indian Army and Bangladesh Liberation Army.
- It was considered the largest surrender since World War II.
- The Simla Agreement was signed on 2 July 1972 by Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and the President of Pakistan, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto.
- It sought to reverse the consequences of the 1971 war. Under the agreement, both countries resolved to end conflict and conflict and work towards the establishment of lasting peace, friendship and cooperation.
- Maintaining the inviolability of the Line of Control in Jammu and Kashmir was also one of the key points of the agreement. India has faithfully adhered to the Simla Agreement while maintaining its relations with Pakistan.
- It was celebrated to commemorate 50 years of formation of Bangladesh, 50 years of diplomatic relations between New Delhi and Dhaka and 50 years of Indo-Pak war.
Source – The Hindu