5 Principles Needed for Maritime Security : PM

5 Principles Needed for Maritime Security : Prime Minister Narendra Modi

Recently, in the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) discussion, the Prime Minister of India has listed 5 principles for global maritime security.

  • Recently a high level discussion on maritime security was chaired by the Prime Minister. The theme of this discussion was “Enhancing Maritime Security – A Case for International Cooperation”. It is one of the three major events being organized by India during the period of its Presidency of the United Nations Security Council.
  • This is in line with the Security and Growth for All in the Region: SAGAR initiative implemented by India.

5 Principles

Removal of barriers to legitimate maritime trade: Oceans are a common heritage of the world and modern sea routes are the lifelines of international trade.

Settlement of maritime disputes by peaceful means and on the basis of international law: States should settle maritime disputes on the basis of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS). For example, India has resolved its disputes with Bangladesh on its basis.

Combating jointly with natural disasters and maritime hazards posed by non-state actors:

Globally, there has been a 20% increase in acts of maritime piracy and armed robbery during the first half of 2020, despite a decline in maritime traffic volumes.

The United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (2000) needs to be implemented.

Conservation of marine environment and resources: Oceans are important not only for livelihoods of poor communities living in coastal areas but also for their social and cultural life.

Encouraging Responsible Maritime Contact: Currently, we have International Ship and Port Facility Security (ISPS) code available for this.

Source – The Hindu

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