17th ‘Asia and Pacific Regional Meeting’ of International Labor Organization (ILO) concluded
- Recently, the 17th Asia and Pacific Regional Meeting (APRM) of the International Labor Organization (ILO) has been concluded.
- The 17th APRM has been held in Singapore. The meeting discussed national actions to deal with the issues of declining wages, inflation and unemployment of workers in Asia, Pacific and Arab countries.
- In the meeting, emphasis has been laid on the work to promote such job-rich growth, which is inclusive and transformative.
- The meeting ended with the adoption of the Singapore Declaration.
Main Findings of the Singapore Declaration
- Social dialogue and labor market-based institutions should be strengthened to sustain inclusive growth.
- Labor security should be ensured for all by effectively recognizing the right to collective bargaining.
- The governance mechanism should be strengthened to protect the rights of migrant workers.
- The foundation of social and employment protection and flexibility should be strengthened.
- Promote productivity growth and skill development with a focus on digital transformation, digital divide and lifelong learning.
Problems Faced by the Labor Sector
- Lack of job security, work for low wages, increasing working hours and exploitation, work in inhuman environment, lack of protection against occupational hazards at work place, skills of workers Lack of is also a big problem etc.
Initiatives taken for labor protection in India
- E-Shram Portal has been launched for unorganized sector workers.
- The central government has merged 29 labor laws into four labor codes.
- These four labor codes are- Industrial Relations Code, Social Security Code, Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions Code and Wages Code.
- About International Labor Organization
- The International Labor Organization is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN).
- It was established in 1919 under the Treaty of Versailles. The Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to the International Labor Organization in the year 1969.
- Headquarters: It is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland.
Objective: It brings together the governments, employers and workers of 187 member countries to set labor standards, develop policies and programs that promote decent work for all women and men.
Source – The Hindu